Campaign of 1777: Battle of Brandywine
The Battle of the Brandywine was a critical military encounter of the American Revolution. Lands within and leading to this battle, spanning both Chester and Delaware counties, are considered a significant historic landscape by Landscapes3. To plan for the historic resources and landscapes within the battlefield, it is important to understand how and where battle activities occurred and what features of the 1777 landscape remain today.
As part of a grant from the American Battlefield Protection Program, the Animated Battle Action Map that was created in 2010 was updated in 2019. The Animated Map is an excellent educational tool that shows a general overview of the battle in an easy to use format. With the newly understood information, animation is divided into two parts.
- Part 1 displays troop activity leading up to the day of the battle, covering Sept. 8, 1777 – Sept. 10, 1777.
- Part 2 shows troop activity on the day of battle, Sept. 11, 1777.
We are pleased that an additional grant was received from the American Battlefield Protection Program in 2019 to continue research and planning efforts in the combat areas of the eastern battlefield. Work on this project will continue into 2022.
Specific Plans that implement recommendations of the Brandywine Battlefield Preservation Plan
The 2013 Brandywine Battlefield Preservation Plan recommended battlefield strategic landscapes for further consideration, such as battle-related local planning, land conservation, historic resource protection, and heritage interpretation efforts, to be examined in phases. Plans are complete for: Marshallton Strategic Landscape, Trimble's Ford and Jefferis' Ford Strategic Landscapes, and Sconnelltown/Strode's Mill Strategic Landscape in East Bradford, West Bradford, Pocopson, and NewlinTownships in Chester County and Rearguard Defense Strategic Landscape and Strategic Retreat Strategic Landscape in Chadds Ford, Thornbury, and Concord Townships in Delaware County.
Together, the four landscapes in Chester County form the northern Brandywine Battlefield, where tactical battle staging occurred during the morning and into the afternoon the day of the battle, September 11, 1777. The landscapes in Delaware County represent the final legs of the battle, including the "last stand" of the battle and the American Retreat. Collectively, these planning efforts seek to honor and preserve areas that exhibit Chester County's and Delaware County's role in American history and our nation's founding, while maintaining a sense of place and enhanced quality of life for residents, businesses, and visitors.
Brandywine Battlefield Preservation Plan
This 2013 plan presents recommendations on how to better preserve the battlefield's open spaces and historic landscapes. Over 200 historic resources that were the location of combat and of battle-related events are inventoried, including buildings, meetinghouses, fords, and landscapes. View Publication
2010 Battlefield Study
As part of this effort a report and video were created and an animated map of troop movements was developed (since updated and refined, see Recent Activity).
The report included maps of the extent of the battlefield and a recommendation to complete a battlefield preservation plan (completed in 2013). The mapped battlefield from this study is currently the American Battlefield Protection Program's accepted battlefield bounds.
The video, "The Battle of Brandywine", features the sequence of battle activities, military artwork by Bryant White and Pamela Patrick White, and terrain and cultural resource analysis that brings the animated map and the project to life. View Videos
Battlefield Protection Strategies, A Guide for Brandywine Battlefield Communities
This guide was developed in 2000 for use by the communities within the battlefield to assist in efforts for its protection and that of related resources. When this guide was created the extent of the battlefield was not yet known, and so the battlefield land area is discussed in a more limited context. View Publication